Man may be known to use horses for racing since this specie was first domesticated. Historical evidences uncover that as early as 4500 BC, the nomadic people of Central Asia has already developed systems of horse racing. In fact, the Greeks are known to have incorporated horse racing in the Olympics since 638 BC.
Both the chariot horse racing and the mounted horse racing were well-liked during these ages. These types of later on became an obsession among Romans once they have adopted the activity.
For thousand of years that followed, this kind of sports was known to be performed only for the noble men and royalties.
Contemporary racing is believed to have started in the 12th century when the first breeding between Arabian and English horses were made. They were sparred by the return of the noble knights to the mother land after the Crusades. These are known to have produced sturdy horses with excellent speed. Thus, breeders maximized the potentiality of a racehorse as well as put them into tracks. This particular breed is the Thoroughbred that we know of these days which is still the most popular breed in the United Kingdom.
King Charles II was known to have held horse races in his private courses throughout 1660 in order to 1685.
Through the 16th century, the English have been known to make a quantity of racecourses. Queen Anne that founded the Ascot in 1711 is known to have made horse racing an official sport.
Halfway in 1700ï¿½s, the Jockey Club was made through the initiation of the elite figures involved with horse racing. This particular organization was the very first legion of jockeys which established the comprehensive rules and regulations including the standards as covered by the sports. Thus, they grew to become the overseers of the sports as well as sanctioned horse racing occasions.
The Jockey Club was also the initiator for the regulation of breeding among race horses. Thus, James Weatherby, an accountant of the Jockey Club during those times, traced back the family lines of all racing breeds in England. His researches brought forth the publication of the General Stud Book, which was essentially, the basis of authority when it comes to the breeds that could be put to race. Based on the General Stud Book, only those pedigrees which have descended from the line of the “foundations sires” are considered as Thoroughbreds. The building blocks sires are the: Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian and Godolphin Arabian.
Only in 17th century did the activity arrive in America for which the initial racetrack was seen in the actual Long Island. Although it has become a favorite past time among Americans, no one initiated the formalization of horse racing until after the Civil War. Because of the already-established obsession plus the industrial development, and widespread gambling on horse races, the activity grew largely by the year 1890 when 314 operating tracks are considered to be on regular operation in the country.
Because of the lack of a governing body, this sport had become purely dominated by criminal elements. In 1894 though, the most notable and high-ranking stable owners met as well as organized the American Jockey Club which was patterned on the system as used by the Jockey Club in England.
Nowadays the sport has reached various countries around the world. Governing bodies were also formed to manage the horse racing occasions.